1. What is the Kingdom of God?

Matthew 6:10 Your kingdom come, your will be done, on earth as it is in heaven.

We have all uttered this rhythmic line a thousand times, but what were we really praying for? If we aren’t sure, how will we know if our prayer is being answered?

Understanding this prayer begins with a covenant God made with David. David wanted to build God a permanent temple since the tent of meeting was too temporary. God said, Don’t build me a permanent house; I’ll build you a permanent house—a dynasty that will last forever.

2 Samuel 7:12-16 When your [David’s] days are fulfilled and you lie down with your fathers, I will raise up your offspring after you, who shall come from your body, and I will establish his kingdom. He shall build a house for my name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever.  I will be to him a father, and he shall be to me a son. When he commits iniquity, I will discipline him with the rod of men, with the stripes of the sons of men, but my steadfast love will not depart from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away from before you.  And your house and your kingdom shall be made sure forever before me. Your throne shall be established forever.

This is an unconditional covenant with David that his dynasty, starting with Solomon, would establish a ruling kingdom that lasts forever.

This kingdom was a visible, earthly kingdom, with a government. This project began quite well, with Solomon. But for the rest of history the kingdom given to the Jews under David has been repeatedly and constantly interrupted, shared, and overruled, e.g. by the Babylonians, the Persians, the Romans, the British, and these days the Palestinians.

Photo Credit: Thinkstock